A.P. State Eligibility Test – 2012
CODE NO. : 06
PAPER – II
1. Philosophical Foundation of Education
Relationship of Education and Philosophy – Western Schools of Philosophy: Idealism, Realism, Naturalism, Pragmatism, xistentialism, Marxism with special reference to the concepts of knowledge, reality and values their educational implications for aims, contents and methods of education.
Indian Schools of Philosophy: (Sankhya, Vedanta, Buddhism, Jainism, Islamic traditions) with special reference to the concept of knowledge, reality and values and their educational implications – Contributions of Vivekananda, Tagore, Gandhi and Aurobindo to educational thinking National values as enshrined in the Indian Constitution, and their educational implications. Modern concept of Philosophy: Analysis – Logical analysis; Logical empiricism and Positive relativism (Morries L. Prigge).
2. Sociological Foundations of Education
Relationship of Sociology and Education _ Meauningland nature of Educational sociology and Sociologyof education Education-as a social sub-system—-specific characteristics Education and the home .
- Education and the community with special reference to Indian society
- Education and modernization
- Education and politics
- Education and religion
- Education and culture
- Education and democracy
- Socialization of the child
- Meaning and nature of social change
- Education as related to social stratification and social mobility .
- Education as related to equity and equality of educational opportunity
- Constraints on social change in India (caste, ethnicity. class. language, religion, regionalism)
- Education of the socially and economically disadvantaged sections of the society with special reference t0 scheduled castes and scheduled tribes women and rural population
3. Psychological Foundations of Education
Relationship of Education and Psychology
Process of Growth and Development
- Physical, social, emotional and intellectual
- Development of concept formation. logical. reasoning, problem solving and creative thinking, language development.
- individual differences determinants: role of heredity and environment; implications of individual differences for organising educational programmes
Theories of learning—Thorndike is connectionism Pavlov‘s classical and Skinner’s operant conditioning; Learning by insight; Hull’s reinforcement theory and Tolman’s theory of learning Lewin’s Field theory
- Gagne’s hierarchy of learning
- Factors inﬂuencing learning
- Learning and motivation
- Transfer of learning and its theories
Psychology and education of exceptional children-creative,gifted. backward. learning disables and mentally retarded Personality type and trait theories-—measurement of personality _ Mental health and hygiene — process of adjustment conflicts and defence mechanism mental hygiene and mental health. Sex Education Guidance
4. Methodology of Educational Research .
- Nature and Scope of Educational Research
- Meaning and Nature
- Need and Purpose
- Scientiﬁc Inquiry _and Theory Development-some emerging trends in research fundamental Applied and Action Research
- Formulation or Research Problem
- Criteria and sources for identifying the problem
- Delineaiing and Operationalizing variables
- Developing assumptions and hypothesis in various types of research .
- Collection of Data
- Concept of population and sample
- Various methods of sampling
- Characteristics of a good sample
- Tools and Techniques
- Characteristics of a good research tool
- Types of research tools and techniques and their uses
- Tests and scales. projective and sociometric techniques
- Major Approaches to Research
- Descriptive Research
- Ex-post facto Research
- Laboratory Experiment
- Field Experiment
- Field ‘Studies
- Historical Research